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[texts]ERIC ED385580: An Empirical Examination of the IRT Information in Polytomously Scored Reading Items. - ERIC
One question about polytomous items (which yield responses that can be scored as ordered categories) concerns how much information such items yield? Using the generalized partial credit item response theory (IRT) model, polytomous items from the 1991 field test of the National Assessment of Educational Progress Reading Assessment were calibrated with multiple choice and short, open-ended items. The expected information of each type of item was computed...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Item Response Theory; Multiple Choice Tests; Reading Tests
Downloads: 4
[texts]manuscript - Vinu E.V
Ontologies contain knowledge in the form of concepts, predicates, instances and their relationships. This knowledge can be exploited by an assessment system in the form of multiple choice questions (MCQs). Most of the existing MCQ generation approaches are limited to questions of type What is C ? or Which of he following is an example of C ? (where C is a concept symbol). Besides the question types, the methods for generating distracting answers (distractors) are to be given much importance...
Keywords: Ontologies; semantic web; multiple choice questions; automatic question generation
Downloads: 7
[audio]This Working Droid Episode 45 Google Drive Forms - pateln01, HeadphonesNeil
This Working DroidEpisode 45Google Drive Formshttp://www.geek-io.com/thisworkingdroid/
Keywords: checkbox; fillable; form; google drive; multiple choice; optional; podcast; questionnaire; questions; required; responses; spreadsheet; theme
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED307298: The Validity of Two Item-Writing Rules. - ERIC
The present study involved the testing of two common multiple-choice item writing rules. A recent review of research revealed that much of the advice given for writing multiple-choice test items is based on experience and wisdom rather than on empirical research. The rules assessed in this study include: (1) the phrasing of the stem in the form of a question versus a partial sentence; and (2) the use of the inclusive "none of the above" option instead of a specific content option...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Students; Higher Education; Multiple Choice Tests; Psychology; Test Construction; Test Format; Test Validity
[texts]Powell Dissertation ( 1970) A Study Of Achievement Information From The Wrong Answers
Psychological literature has been replete with studies of choicebehavior, Chovn (19.09), Duncan (3 959) and more recently Hunt (l96l) andBerlyne (1965) have reviewed this literature adequately,, From thesestudies it is fairly evident that the distribution of choices made byhumans in problem-solving situations tends to exhibit some systematictrends.These trends, however, have often been confined to discussion interms of the patterns of "success" when compared with the nature andcomplexity of the ...
Keywords: Education Assessment; Interpretation of Wrong Answers; Bloom's Taxonomy; multiple Choice Tests
Downloads: 7
[texts]ERIC ED382650: Models for Scoring Missing Responses to Multiple-Choice Items. Program Statistics Research Technical Report No. 94-1. - ERIC
This study is a critical evaluation of the roles for coding and scoring of missing responses to multiple-choice items in educational tests. The focus is on tests in which the test-takers have little or no motivation; in such tests omitting and not reaching (as classified by the currently adopted operational rules) is quite frequent. Data from the 1991 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Reading Assessment of 17-year-olds are used in analyses and illustrative examples...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Algorithms; Classification; Coding; Models; Motivation; Multiple Choice Tests; Scoring; Test Construction; Test Items
Downloads: 5
[texts]A new approach to generate hard multiple choice questions from a domain ontology - Vinu E. V and P Sreenivasa Kumar
Ontologies contain knowledge in the form of concepts, predicates, instances and their relationships. This knowledge can be exploited by an assessment system in the form of multiple choice questions (MCQs). Most of the existing MCQ generation approaches are limited to questions of type What is C ? or Which of he following is an example of C ? (where C is a concept symbol). Besides the question types, the methods for generating distracting answers (distractors) are to be given much importance...
Keywords: Ontologies; semantic web technology application; multiple choice questions; automatic question generation
Downloads: 7
[texts]ERIC ED366135: Research on Multiple-Choice Questions: Implications for Strategy Instruction. - ERIC
This review of the literature examines the effectiveness of instructing students in various test-taking strategies, particularly in reference to multiple choice questions. Among findings reported are that while test-wiseness strategies may be taught, these strategies have limited generalizability across exams and learners who proactively process information, such as test items, are more likely to understand and recall what they learn...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Higher Education; Instructional Effectiveness; Learning Strategies; Metacognition; Multiple Choice Tests; Test Coaching; Test Wiseness
Downloads: 6
[movies]Adit Testdesk is the best for computer-based testing!
Video show how to replace paper exams with fully automated computer-based testing using Adit Testdesk! From designing the assessment to grading the results, Adit Testdesk is a perfect solution to your testing needs. A lot of question types are supported for exams, quizzes, and surveys.
Keywords: exam software; examination software; multiple choice exam; quiz software; assessment; assessment software; test generator; cbt
Downloads: 198
[texts]ERIC ED385596: Strategy Use on Multiple-Choice and Free-Response Items: An Analysis of Sex Differences among High Scoring Examinees on the SAT-M. Final Report. - ERIC
Twenty-four students who scored 650 or more on the Scholastic Aptitude Test Mathematics test (SAT-M) were asked to think aloud while solving 13 mathematics items in either multiple-choice or free-response format. Strategies students used to solve the items were classified as either algorithmic or insightful. Data analyses indicated that items in the free-response format were significantly more difficult for females than multiple choice items...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Algorithms; College Students; Higher Education; Mathematics Tests; Multiple Choice Tests; Problem Solving; Protocol Analysis; Scores; Sex Differences
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED306305: Seeking Consensus on Empirical Characteristics of Effective Mail Questionnaires: A First Step. - ERIC
A study was undertaken to develop a checklist of desirable characteristics of mail questionnaires. The checklist was to reflect some degree of consensus among experts in survey research and to be used as a general guide by novice questionnaire designers. A second objective was to take a first step toward development of an objective measure of quality of questionnaires. A review of the literature on the design of mail survey questionnaires indicated that seven categories were most essential in in...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Check Lists; Mail Surveys; Multiple Choice Tests; Quality Control; Questionnaires; Test Construction; Test Format; Test Items
[texts]ERIC ED300463: Latent Trait Measurement Calibrations for the Finding Embedded Figures Test. - ERIC
This study applied one-parameter latent trait measurement theory to investigate the measurement characteristics of both forms of a multiple-choice measure of field-independence--the Finding Embedded Figures Test (FEFT). The FEFT has a multiple-choice format that may facilitate administration and scoring in comparison with use of supply-format tests such as the Group Embedded Figures Test (GEFT). Analysis was based on data provided by 302 students enrolled in mathematics courses at a university i...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Students; Field Dependence Independence; Higher Education; Latent Trait Theory; Multiple Choice Tests; Psychometrics; Test Validity
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED300822: Postsecondary Writing Assessment: An Update on Practices and Procedures. - ERIC
A survey gathered information on the uses of writing assessment and its potential impact on writing instruction, programs, and students. Respondents, 128 members (out of a random sample of 350) of the Conference on College Composition and Communication (CCCC) from four-year colleges, two-year colleges, and institutions offering graduate degrees, completed the survey. Findings indicated that many of the assessment procedures recommended by the CCCC Resolution on Testing are being successfully imp...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Essay Tests; Higher Education; Multiple Choice Tests; School Surveys; Teacher Attitudes; Writing Evaluation; Writing Instruction
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED326201: Modifying Multiple-Choice Questions in Computer-Based Instruction. - ERIC
Research has shown that multiple-choice questions formed by transforming or paraphrasing a reading passage provide a measure of student comprehension. It is argued that similar transformation and paraphrasing of lesson questions is an appropriate way to form parallel multiple-choice items to be used as a posttest measure of student comprehension. Four parallel items may be derived from a lesson: (1) an item that is neither transformed nor paraphrased, thus testing simple rote memory; (2) an item...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Comprehension; Computer Assisted Testing; Difficulty Level; Measurement Techniques; Multiple Choice Tests; Secondary Education; Test Construction; Test Items
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED350383: Certified Nurse Assistant Certification Examination Test Booklet. - ERIC
This document contains four certification examinations (Forms A-D) for a certified nurse assistant in Missouri. Each of the four test booklets contains general instructions for completing the information section of the answer sheet, general instructions for taking the certification examination, and 100 questions. All test problems are in a multiple-choice format: some are questions, some are complete-the-blank, and some are story problems...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Allied Health Occupations Education; Certification; Licensing Examinations (Professions); Multiple Choice Tests; Nurses Aides; Postsecondary Education
Downloads: 3
[texts]ERIC ED380499: Equity Assessment for Polytomously Scored Items: A Taxonomy of Procedures for Assessing Differential Item Functioning. Research Report RR-94-49. - ERIC
Educational reform efforts have led to increased use of alternatives to the traditional binary-scored multiple choice item. Many stimuli employed by these alternative assessments yield complex responses that require complex scoring rules. Some of these new item types can be polytomously-scored. Differential item functioning (DIF) assessment is a form of equity assessment that attempts to identify items for which subpopulations of examinees exhibit performance differentials that are inconsistent ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Classification; Educational Assessment; Educational Change; Equal Education; Item Bias; Multiple Choice Tests; Scores; Test Items
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED319804: Consensus on Desirable Characteristics of Mail Questionnaires: Illusion or Reality? - ERIC
This study of survey research experts was conducted to determine desirable characteristics of mail questionnaires. The 82-item Likert-scale instrument used in the study covered general appearance, instructions, choice of items, choice of response options, wording, order of items, and item format. The instrument was administered to: 8 subjects who participated in a study in which the instrument was developed, and 12 other experts (10 of whom functioned as a validation panel)...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Measures; Item Analysis; Likert Scales; Mail Surveys; Methods Research; Multiple Choice Tests; Questionnaires; Researchers; Test Format
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED302558: Improving Your Test-Taking Skills. ERIC Digest Number 101. - ERIC
Techniques to enable high school students to improve their test performance are briefly outlined. The techniques cover pre-test preparation, strategies for use during test administration, and special skills for multiple-choice and essay tests. An advantage of students practicing their test-taking skills is that it will help them manage the anxiety that often accompanies tests. Good test-taking skills also help ensure that students' test scores reflect what they actually know...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Essay Tests; High School Students; High Schools; Multiple Choice Tests; Student Behavior; Study Skills; Test Coaching; Test Wiseness
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED383728: Critical Values of Guessing on True-False and Multiple-Choice Tests. - ERIC
Effects of blind guessing on the success of passing true-false and multiple-choice tests are investigated under a stochastic binomial model. Critical values of guessing are thresholds which signify when the effect of guessing is negligible. By checking a table of critical values assembled in this paper, one can make a decision with 95% confidence as to whether the correction for guessing is necessary for grading a true-false or multiple-choice test...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Bayesian Statistics; Grading; Guessing (Tests); Models; Multiple Choice Tests; Objective Tests; Scores; Test Interpretation; Testing Problems
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED302826: Verbal Reports of Thinking and Multiple-Choice Critical Thinking Test Design. Technical Report No. 447. - ERIC
This report describes a methodology for using verbal reports of thinking to develop and validate multiple-choice tests of critical thinking. These verbal reports of individuals' thinking on draft items of multiple-choice critical thinking tests can be used systematically to provide evidence of the thinking processes elicited by such tests, and in this case were used to develop and validate a test of observation appraisal...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Critical Thinking; Educational Research; Multiple Choice Tests; Protocol Analysis; Reading Research; Test Construction; Test Theory; Verbal Communication
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED387507: Using IRT To Combine Multiple-Choice and Free-Response Sections of a Test onto a Common Scale Using A Priori Weights. - ERIC
Free-response (FR) item formats, such as essay questions, are popular in educational assessment. The criticisms against FR items are that they are more expensive to score, take up more testing time, provide less content coverage, and are less reliable than multiple-choice (MC) items. For these reasons, FR items are often combined with MC items. Calibrating FR and MC items onto a common scale poses problems for tests constructed using item response theory (IRT), because IRT calibration may reduce...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Educational Assessment; Essay Tests; Item Response Theory; Multiple Choice Tests; Scaling; Scoring; Test Construction; Test Reliability
Downloads: 6
[texts]ERIC ED302825: Verbal Reports of Thinking as Data for Validating Multiple-Choice Tests. Technical Report No. 445. - ERIC
A study examined the effect of verbal reporting of students' thinking on their performance during an examination. Subjects, 343 high school seniors, were randomly divided into 4 experimental groups, and a different procedure for eliciting students' thinking during a critical thinking test was used for each group. A control group took the same test in paper-and-pencil format. Results indicated that there were no significant differences in either test performance or quality of thinking among the f...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Cognitive Processes; Critical Thinking; Grade 12; High Schools; Multiple Choice Tests; Protocol Analysis; Reading Research; Test Validity
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED386493: Assessing Differential Item Functioning in Performance Tests. - ERIC
Although the belief has been expressed that performance assessments are intrinsically more fair than multiple-choice measures, some forms of performance assessment may in fact be more likely than conventional tests to tap construct-irrelevant factors. As performance assessment grows in popularity, it will be increasingly important to monitor the validity and fairness of alternative item types. The assessment of differential item functioning (DIF), as one component of this evaluation, can be help...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Educational Assessment; Item Bias; Multiple Choice Tests; Performance Based Assessment; Test Items; Test Reliability; Test Validity
Downloads: 3
[texts]ERIC ED371018: Facilitating Lecture Recall: The Effects of Embedded Imagery-Evoking Phrases. - ERIC
Three experiments describe the effects of imagery on learning a large and integrated body of information from a college lecture. It was hypothesized that high-imagery phrases would be more easily recalled and would promote recall of abstract verbal phrases in close temporal proximity to them. In experiment 1, 22 undergraduates attended a lecture without taking notes and then wrote down what they recalled before taking a multiple-choice test...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Higher Education; Imagery; Lecture Method; Memory; Multiple Choice Tests; Notetaking; Recall (Psychology); Time Factors (Learning); Undergraduate Students; Visualization
Downloads: 5
[texts]ERIC ED293851: Functional Distractors: Implications for Test-Item Writing and Test Design. - ERIC
The proposition that the optimal number of options in a multiple choice test item is three was examined. The concept of functional distractor, a plausible wrong answer that is negatively discriminating when total test performance is the criterion, is discussed. Three distinct groups of achievers (high, middle, and low) on a national standardized achievement test for physicians were identified. The number of functional distractors was identified for each sample condition and each item...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Achievement Tests; Item Analysis; Multiple Choice Tests; Physicians; Standardized Tests; Test Construction; Test Format; Test Items; Test Reliability
[texts]ERIC ED291775: The Effects of Student-Generated Questions on Test Performance. - ERIC
A total of 50 college students enrolled in different sections of a language arts methodology course served as treatment and control groups to investigate the effects of student-generated questions on test performance. Periodically throughout the course, students in the treatment group received instruction in effective questioning techniques by discussing and evaluating hypothetical test questions produced by the professor and participating in a reciprocal questioning strategy, known as "ReQuest,...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Students; Higher Education; Multiple Choice Tests; Objective Tests; Questioning Techniques; Student Developed Materials; Test Construction; Test Wiseness
[texts]ERIC ED299326: Steps for Setting Standards with the Angoff Method. - ERIC
Specific steps for applying the Angoff method are described. In the Angoff method, judges are asked to estimate the probabilities of minimally competent candidates' answering multiple choice test items correctly. Initial information must be obtained for designing the standard-setting process, beginning with the purpose of the examination and any restrictions imposed. In preparation for the standard setting meeting, four areas of concern must be addressed: (1) background for certifying; (2) meeti...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Certification; Credentials; Licensing Examinations (Professions); Minimum Competencies; Minimum Competency Testing; Multiple Choice Tests; Standard Setting (Scoring); Standards
[texts]ERIC ED350384: Health Services Assistant Certification Examination Test Booklet. - ERIC
This document contains four certification examinations (Forms 1-4) for a health services assistant in Missouri. Each of the four test booklets contains general instructions for completing the information section of the answer sheet, general instructions for taking the certification examination, and 100 questions. All test problems are in a multiple-choice format: some are questions, some are complete-the-blank, and some are story problems...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Allied Health Occupations Education; Certification; Health Personnel; Licensing Examinations (Professions); Multiple Choice Tests; Postsecondary Education
Downloads: 8
[texts]ERIC ED314500: An Investigation of the Optimal Number of Options and the Inclusive "None of These" Option. - ERIC
Two issues in the writing of multiple-choice test items were investigated: a comparison of three versus four options; and the use of the inclusive "none of these" option versus a content option. Subjects were 220 introductory psychology students, who were enrolled at a large southwestern university, responding to a final examination in psychology composed of 48 items. Each item was written in four versions: (1) four options without "none of these"; (2) four options with "none of these"; (3) thre...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Students; Higher Education; Item Analysis; Multiple Choice Tests; Psychology; Test Construction; Test Format; Test Items; Test Reliability
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED292823: Measurement Characteristics of a Test of Field-Independence: Literature Review and Development of the Finding Embedded Figures Test. - ERIC
This paper reviews the research literature regarding the importance of Witkin's theory of psychological differentiation, particularly the research on measures of field independence using perceptual disembedding tasks. The first phase of development of a multiple-choice perceptual disembedding measure, the Finding Embedded Figures Test, is reported. The literature exploring the origins of cognitive style differences is also summarized...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Cognitive Style; Computer Assisted Testing; Field Dependence Independence; Multiple Choice Tests; Perception Tests; Psychological Testing; Test Construction
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED271736: Multiple-Choice Test Performance: Effects of Headings, Questions, Motivation, and Type of Retention Test Question. - ERIC
A study examined the effect of headings and adjunct questions embedded in an expository test on the delayed multiple-choice test performance of 88 undergraduate students enrolled in psychology courses. The subject of the passage read by the students was the settling of Anglo America; the subheadings in the passage listed names of major subtopics serving to identify part-to-whole relationships within the passage...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Higher Education; Motivation; Multiple Choice Tests; Questioning Techniques; Reading Research; Reading Strategies; Test Format; Test Theory; Test Wiseness
[texts]General Knowledge Multiple Choice Questions - VICTORIA INSTITUTIONS
General knowledge questions All books & writings by VED from VICTORIA INSTITUTIONS RightClick &OpeninNewTab! Ghostwriting & Content development Service RightClick &OpeninNewTab!
Keywords: GK; PSC; PSC questions; UPSC questions; Multiple Choice; General Knowledge; Education: Public Service; Science; History; British Colonialism
Downloads: 741
[texts]ERIC ED306280: An Analysis of CAAP Essay and Multiple-Choice Writing Tests. - ERIC
This study examines differences and similarities in the information provided by direct and indirect measures of writing from the Collegiate Assessment of Academic Proficiency (CAAP). The indirect measure was a 72-item multiple-choice test, while the direct measure involved responding to two essay prompts. The 40-minute multiple-choice test can be subdivided into six skill areas: (1) punctuation; (2) grammar and usage; (3) sentence structure; (4) style; (5) strategy; and (6) organization...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Entrance Examinations; Essay Tests; Higher Education; Latent Trait Theory; Multiple Choice Tests; Performance Based Assessment; Test Reliability; Writing Evaluation
[texts]ERIC ED380483: Performance and Alternative Assessment Techniques: Meeting the Challenge of Alternative Evaluation Strategies. - ERIC
One of the most influential contemporary trends in educational evaluation in the United States is the move away from traditional testing methods toward "authentic assessments," which are designed to measure student performance of skills, abilities, and knowledge directly. While there is no consensus as to precisely what constitutes authentic assessment, there is general agreement that it incorporates: (1) emphasis on examinee performance, assessing not only what the examinee knows, but what the ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Alternative Assessment; Educational Assessment; Educational Trends; Evaluation Methods; Knowledge Level; Multiple Choice Tests; Performance Based Assessment; Portfolio Assessment; Portfolios (Background Materials); Test Construction; Test Format; Testing
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED360335: The Use of Cognitive Taxonomies in Licensure and Certification Test Development: Reasonable or Customary? - ERIC
The functioning of a cognitive taxonomy within the test specifications of an allied health certification examination was studied. The taxonomy used was a simplification of the scheme of B. S. Bloom (1956), in which items were classified as comprehension, application, or analysis. Whether items written purposely to assess higher order cognitive processes actually assessed differing levels of cognitive processing was explored...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Allied Health Occupations; Allied Health Personnel; Classification; Cognitive Processes; Factor Analysis; Higher Education; Licensing Examinations (Professions); Multiple Choice Tests; Scores; Test Construction; Test Items; Thinking Skills
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED325114: STAR: A Computerized Tutorial in General Psychology. - ERIC
This study investigated the use of a computerized tutorial--Self-Test and Review (STAR)--in a computer-managed general psychology course. STAR consists of four major modules which provide the student with a variety of learning exercises, including practice quizzes, practice final exams, performance reviews, and structured study questions. The purpose of the study was to determine whether students would choose STAR as a study tool, the effect of lecture versus self-paced settings on the use of ST...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Computer Assisted Instruction; Higher Education; Individualized Instruction; Lecture Method; Mastery Learning; Menu Driven Software; Multiple Choice Tests; Postsecondary Education; Programed Instructional Materials; Psychology; Tables (Data)
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED327578: Construct Validity of the Individual Achievement Record: Phase I--Development of a Confirmatory Factor Model. - ERIC
The construct validity of biographical items in the Individual Achievement Record (IAR) was assessed in an attempt to develop a confirmatory factor model. This first phase of a two-phase study focused on the IAR's use as a predictor of job performance. The IAR is an empirically keyed biodata inventory containing 112 multiple-choice items. Item content deals with educational background, work-related skills and abilities, and achievements in interpersonal endeavors...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Biographical Inventories; Construct Validity; Educational Background; Factor Structure; Goodness of Fit; Job Performance; Multiple Choice Tests; Occupational Tests; Predictive Validity; Psychological Testing; Test Validity
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED334264: Assessing Instrument Stability and Recommended Interventions of the Reading Style Inventory with 3rd Grade Students. - ERIC
Using a 6-week, test-retest design with 37 third-grade students, the stability of the Reading Style Inventory (RSI) was assessed. The consistency of the recommended reading method interventions that derive from the RSI was also examined. The RSI consists of 52 items organized into two sections. The first section contains 14 three-option questions and 12 two-option questions addressing student preferences for physical and social aspects of the learning environment...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Classroom Environment; Elementary School Students; Grade 3; Multiple Choice Tests; Primary Education; Reading Instruction; Reading Tests; Student Attitudes; Test Reliability
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED334261: Recognition Versus Recall Test Formats: A Correlational Analysis. - ERIC
A correlational analysis was performed to examine the relationship between recognition and recall test formats. A total of 236 college students completed one of four 80-item general knowledge tests; the forms contained 20 items of each of four formats: (1) true; (2) false; (3) multiple-choice; and (4) free response. Ninety-three of the subjects attended the University of Minnesota, and 143 students attended the University of Wisconsin at River Falls...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Cognitive Processes; College Students; Comparative Testing; Correlation; Higher Education; Multiple Choice Tests; Objective Tests; Recall (Psychology); Recognition (Psychology); Test Format
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED303487: Measurement Characteristics of a "No-Guessing" Administration of the Finding Embedded Figures Test--Research Edition. - ERIC
Applied classical measurement theory was used to study the measurement characteristics of Forms A and B of the Finding Embedded Figures Test (FEFT) when the test is administered in a "no-guessing" or "supply" format. Data provided by 69 students at a private university in the southern United States were used. Both forms of the FEFT were administered in counterbalanced order to different subjects; 36 subjects completed Form A, and then Form B...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Comparative Analysis; Difficulty Level; Discriminant Analysis; Guessing (Tests); Higher Education; Multiple Choice Tests; Pictorial Stimuli; Test Format; Test Items; Test Reliability; Undergraduate Students
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED320956: Differential Item Functioning in Multiple Choice Items. Project Psychometric Aspects of Item Banking No. 47. Research Report 90-1. - ERIC
In multiple-choice items the response probability on an item may be viewed as the result of two distinct latent processes--a cognitive process to solve the problem, and another random process that leads to the choice of a certain alternative (the process of giving the actual response). An incomplete latent class model is formulated that describes the first process by a Rasch model and the second process by a guessing model...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Cognitive Processes; Estimation (Mathematics); Foreign Countries; Guessing (Tests); Higher Education; Item Bias; Item Response Theory; Mathematical Models; Multiple Choice Tests; Probability; Secondary Education; Test Items
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED388712: On the Viability of Some Untestable Assumptions in Equating Exams That Allow Examinee Choice. Program Statistics Research Technical Report No. 93-31. - ERIC
An increasingly popular test format allows examinees to choose the items they will answer from among a larger set. When examinee choice is allowed fairness requires that the different test forms thus formed be equated for their possible differential difficulty. For this equating to be possible it is necessary to know how well examinees would have answered the items that they did not choose. In this paper, results are reported for an experiment in which 213 high school students who took the Advan...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Testing; Advanced Placement; Difficulty Level; Equated Scores; High School Students; High Schools; History; Multiple Choice Tests; Responses; Test Bias; Test Format
Downloads: 3
[texts]ERIC ED384655: A Framework for Studying Differences between Multiple-Choice and Free-Response Test Items. - ERIC
This paper lays out a framework for comparing the qualities and the quantities of information about student competence provided by multiple-choice and free-response test items. After discussing the origins of multiple-choice testing and recent influences for change, the paper outlines an "inference network" approach to test theory, in which students are characterized in terms of levels of understanding of key concepts in a learning area...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Cognitive Psychology; Competence; Elementary Secondary Education; Inferences; Multiple Choice Tests; Networks; Test Construction; Test Reliability; Test Theory; Test Validity
Downloads: 3
[texts]ERIC ED333024: The Effect of Altering the Position of Options in a Multiple-Choice Examination. - ERIC
A commonly accepted rule for developing equated examinations using the common-items non-equivalent groups (CINEG) design is that items common to the two examinations being equated should be identical. The CINEG design calls for two groups of examinees to respond to a set of common items that is included in two examinations. In practice, this rule has been extended to include the order in which options appear in the two examinations...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Certification; Comparative Testing; Difficulty Level; Higher Education; Licensing Examinations (Professions); Medicine; Multiple Choice Tests; Physicians; Specialists; Test Construction; Test Format; Test Items
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED303520: The Nature of Field Independence: Percentiles and Factor Structure of the Finding Embedded Figures Test--Research Edition. - ERIC
This study investigated the nature of field independence by exploring the structure underlying responses to Forms A and B of a multiple-choice measure of field-independence, the Finding Embedded Figures Test (FEFT). Subjects included 302 students (52.7% male) enrolled in mathematics courses at a university in the southern United States. Students completed both forms of the FEFT (each form contained 35 items) or one form of the FEFT and the Group Embedded Figures Test, with different orders of te...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Cognitive Processes; College Students; Equated Scores; Factor Structure; Field Dependence Independence; Higher Education; Multiple Choice Tests; Personality Measures; Psychometrics; Test Format; Test Results; Visual Perception
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED328603: The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). ERIC Digest. - ERIC
This digest describes the organization of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) and what is included in a typical NAEP assessment. The way in which the NAEP selects students for assessments and how the assessments are used are discussed. The NAEP is a congressionally mandated project of the National Center for Education Statistics. The operational contract for 1990 and 1992 has been awarded to the Educational Testing Service and its subcontractor; the policy guidelines are formu...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Data Collection; Educational Assessment; Elementary Secondary Education; Mathematics Achievement; Multiple Choice Tests; National Surveys; Reading Achievement; Research Methodology; Research Projects; Sampling
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED304478: How Often is "Often"? The Use of Imprecise Terms in Exam Items. - ERIC
This study was designed to gather data on the meaning of imprecise terms from items written by physicians for their students and by test committees for national licensure and certification examinations. A total of 32 members of test committees who write examination items for various medical specialty examinations participated in the study. Each participant was provided with a list of phrases used in multiple-choice items to express some concept related to frequency of occurrence...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Definitions; Higher Education; Item Analysis; Licensing Examinations (Professions); Medicine; Multiple Choice Tests; National Programs; Physicians; Statistical Distributions; Test Construction; Testing Problems; Testing Programs
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED365404: An Analysis of Traditional Classroom Assessment Techniques and a Discussion of Alternative Methods of Assessment. - ERIC
From primary grades, students are exposed to both standardized and classroom tests. While teacher-made classroom tests may contain multiple choice, constructed response, or essay items, standardized tests, on the other hand, primarily rely on the multiple-choice format. Standardized tests are easy and inexpensive to administer and score, amenable to item analysis, and adaptable to various subject domains...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Alternative Assessment; Cooperative Learning; Evaluation Methods; Multiple Choice Tests; Psychology; Public Speaking; Standardized Tests; Student Evaluation; Student Journals; Student Projects; Testing Problems
Downloads: 8
[texts]ERIC ED386477: The Prediction of SAT Reading Comprehension Item Difficulty for Expository Prose Passages. PRPC Final Report P/J 969-60. - ERIC
The primary goal of this project was to examine the predictability of Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) reading item difficulty (equated delta) for main idea items, and the predictability of main idea, inference, and explicit statement item types. A secondary purpose was to contrast the responses of high verbal and low verbal ability examinees. Primary attention was paid to studying 110 main idea reading items and their associated passages, but results are also reported for 285 reading items from 3...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Entrance Examinations; Difficulty Level; High School Students; High Schools; Inferences; Multiple Choice Tests; Prediction; Reading Comprehension; Regression (Statistics); Test Construction; Test Items
Downloads: 5
[texts]ERIC ED365738: Report on Models for Educational Assessment Involving Multiple-Choice and Free Response Exercises. Open-Ended Exercises in Secondary School Science Assessment. Project 2.4: Quantitative Models To Monitor the Status and Progress of Learning and Performance and Their Antecedents. - ERIC
In preparation for a study of essay questions and other forms of open-ended exercises in the California Golden State Examination for biology, the functioning of open-ended biology items in another examination was explored. The Golden State Examination program offers honors credit to students who wish to qualify for admission to programs in California's community college and university system. Test materials and data from the January 1989 grade 12 Alberta (Canada) Diploma Examination in biology w...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Biology; Educational Assessment; Equivalency Tests; Essay Tests; Item Analysis; Models; Multiple Choice Tests; Science Education; Scoring; Secondary Education; Test Construction; Test Items; Test Reliability
Downloads: 9
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